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Neighborhood Socioeconomic Deprivation and Depression Symptoms in Adults from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Citation

Holmgren, Jennifer L.; Carlson, Jordan A.; Gallo, Linda C.; Doede, Aubrey L.; Jankowska, Marta M.; Sallis, James F.; Perreira, Krista M.; Andersson, Lena M. C.; Talavera, Gregory A.; & Castaneda, Sheila F., et al. (Online ahead of print). Neighborhood Socioeconomic Deprivation and Depression Symptoms in Adults from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). American Journal of Community Psychology.

Abstract

Socioeconomic factors appear to impact mental health conditions such as depression, but little is known about the relative and combined role of neighborhood and personal socioeconomic deprivation among Hispanics/Latinos. This study examined cross-sectional associations of neighborhood and personal socioeconomic deprivation with depression symptoms in a US Hispanic/Latino population from the San Diego Field Center of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (n = 3,851). Depression symptoms were assessed with the ten-item Centers for Epidemiological Studies in Depression Scale. Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation was a composite of eleven variables (e.g., neighborhood income, education, employment, household crowding). Greater personal socioeconomic deprivation based on education, income, and employment was generally associated with higher depression symptoms, including after adjusting for neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation. Greater neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation was associated with higher depression symptoms in females but not males, but the association in females became non-significant when adjusting for personal socioeconomic deprivation. Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation did not significantly interact with personal socioeconomic deprivation in relation to depression symptoms. The present findings support the association of personal socioeconomic status with mental health (indicated by depression symptoms) among Hispanic/Latino populations, whereas neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation did not relate to depression beyond the impact of personal indicators.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12525

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

Online ahead of print

Journal Title

American Journal of Community Psychology

Author(s)

Holmgren, Jennifer L.
Carlson, Jordan A.
Gallo, Linda C.
Doede, Aubrey L.
Jankowska, Marta M.
Sallis, James F.
Perreira, Krista M.
Andersson, Lena M. C.
Talavera, Gregory A.
Castaneda, Sheila F.
Garcia, Melawhy L.
Allison, Matthew A.

Article Type

Regular

Data Set/Study

Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Continent/Country

United States of America

State

California

Race/Ethnicity

Hispanic/Latinx

ORCiD

Perreira - 0000-0003-2906-0261