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Dietary Patterns and Years Living in the United States by Hispanic/Latino Heritage in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Citation

Maldonado, Luis E.; Adair, Linda S.; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela T.; Mattei, Josiemer; Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin; Perreira, Krista M.; Daviglus, Martha L.; Van Horn, Linda V.; Gallo, Linda C.; & Isasi, Carmen R., et al. (2021). Dietary Patterns and Years Living in the United States by Hispanic/Latino Heritage in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). Journal of Nutrition, 151(9), 2749-2759. PMCID: PMC8417926

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Previous diet findings in Hispanics/Latinos rarely reflect differences in commonly consumed and culturally relevant foods across heritage groups and by years lived in the United States.
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify and compare a posteriori heritage-specific dietary patterns (DPs) and evaluate their associations with "healthfulness" [using the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010)] and years living in the United States.
METHODS: We used baseline data from a population-based cohort of 14,099 Hispanics/Latinos aged 18-74 y in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. We performed principal factor analysis using two 24-h recalls to derive DPs, separately, in each heritage group (Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican, Central American, and South American), and identified overarching DPs based on high-loading foods shared by ≥2 groups. We used multivariable linear regression to test associations of DPs with AHEI-2010 and years living in the United States.
RESULTS: We identified 5 overarching DPs (Burgers, Fries, & Soft Drinks; White Rice, Beans, & Red Meats; Fish; Egg & Cheese; and Alcohol). All Burgers, Fries, & Soft Drinks DPs were inversely associated with AHEI-2010, whereas all Fish DPs (except Dominican) were positively associated with this index (all P-trend < 0.001). White Rice, Beans, & Red Meats DPs showed inverse associations in Cuban and Central American groups and positive associations in Mexican-origin individuals (all P-trend < 0.001). Fewer years living in the United States was associated with higher scores for White Rice, Beans, & Red Meats DPs in Cuban and Mexican heritage groups and lower scores on Burgers, Fries, & Soft Drinks DPs in Cuban, Mexican, and Puerto Rican groups (all P-trend < 0.01).
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show substantial variation in DPs across Hispanics/Latinos and adherence to DPs by time in the United States, which could inform dietary interventions targeting this diverse US population.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxab165

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2021

Journal Title

Journal of Nutrition

Author(s)

Maldonado, Luis E.
Adair, Linda S.
Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela T.
Mattei, Josiemer
Mossavar-Rahmani, Yasmin
Perreira, Krista M.
Daviglus, Martha L.
Van Horn, Linda V.
Gallo, Linda C.
Isasi, Carmen R.
Albrecht, Sandra S.

Article Type

Regular

PMCID

PMC8417926

Data Set/Study

Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Continent/Country

United States of America

State

Nonspecific

Race/Ethnicity

Cuban
Dominican
Mexican
Puerto Rican
Central American
South American

ORCiD

Adair - 0000-0002-3670-8073
Sotres-Alvarez - 0000-0002-3226-6140
Perreira - 0000-0003-2906-0261