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Racial Disparities in Income Security for a Cohort of Aging American Women

Citation

Willson, Andrea E. & Hardy, Melissa A. (2002). Racial Disparities in Income Security for a Cohort of Aging American Women. Social Forces, 80(4), 1283-1306.

Abstract

In this analysis we examine how women's family and employment choices are linked to differences in financial security as they age. Previous research has tested theories of growing inequality, decreasing inequality, or maintained inequality as cohorts transition into old age. We assess these hypotheses for older women and emphasize the heterogeneity in women's experiences, particularly differences in income security among women by race. Our findings indicate that, although marriage offers women considerable financial protection, their own employment was also a key to their security and reduced the rate at which income security decayed as they entered old age. This increased the variation in outcomes relative to initial positions. Whereas marriage provided more security for white women, employment gave a greater boost to black women.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1353/sof.2002.0036

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Social Forces

Author(s)

Willson, Andrea E.
Hardy, Melissa A.

Year Published

2002

Volume Number

80

Issue Number

4

Pages

1283-1306

Reference ID

1774