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Immigration Reform, Homeland Defense, and Metropolitan Economies in the Post 9-11 Environment

Citation

Johnson, James H., Jr. (2002). Immigration Reform, Homeland Defense, and Metropolitan Economies in the Post 9-11 Environment. Urban Geography, 23(3), 201-12.

Abstract

U.S. attitudes toward immigration and immigrants changed dramatically after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks (Morin and Deane, 2002). Emblematic of the shift, the federal government introduced immigration reforms that impose major constraints on the movement of people (as well as capital, goods and services) into and out of the United States (Miller and Anderson, 2001). Given the human death toll and the magnitude of the economic losses, these and other federal actions, including the establishment of an Office of Homeland Security, may seem perfectly rational (Navarro and Spencer, 2001). Unfortunately, in the rush to boost homeland security, it appears that little, if any, consideration was given to the threat for the post 9-11 immigration reforms to stifle future U.S. economic growth and development (Johnson, 2002).

URL

https://doi.org/10.2747/0272-3638.23.3.201

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Urban Geography

Author(s)

Johnson, James H., Jr.

Year Published

2002

Volume Number

23

Issue Number

3

Pages

201-12

Reference ID

1972