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Bradford, Kay P.; Barber, Brian K.; Olsen, Joseph A.; Maughan, Suzanne L.; Erickson, Lance D.; Ward, Deborah; & Stolz, Heidi E. (2003). A Multi-National Study of Interparental Conflict, Parenting, and Adolescent Functioning: South Africa, Bangladesh, China, India, Bosnia, Germany, Palestine, Colombia, and the United States. Marriage & Family Review, 35(3-4), 107-137.


This study assessed the associations between interparental conflict (IPC), parenting, and individual functioning among data gathered from school-going adolescents in Bangladesh, China, India, Bosnia, Germany, Palestine, Colombia, United States and three ethnic groups within South Africa. Specifically, we tested the validity of the spillover dynamic found in much research in the U.S., whereby marital conflict spills over into parenting and into the psychological and social functioning of children and adolescents. Previous analyses of these same data showed complete invariance in the linkages between parenting and adolescent functioning. This study thus provided a meaningful extension to the substantive literature on family processes. We followed recommendations within cross-cultural psychology to “transport and test” models validated in one culture to other cultures as an initial step in systematic comparative research. The findings revealed substantial invariance across the samples in documenting significant direct and indirect associations. Similar to prior research in the U.S., IPC was associated with youth outcomes directly, and more often indirectly, via parenting.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Marriage & Family Review


Bradford, Kay P.
Barber, Brian K.
Olsen, Joseph A.
Maughan, Suzanne L.
Erickson, Lance D.
Ward, Deborah
Stolz, Heidi E.