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Patterns of Change in Food Consumption and Dietary Fat Intake in Chinese Adults, 1989-1993

Citation

Guo, Xuguang; Popkin, Barry M.; & Zhai, Fengying (1999). Patterns of Change in Food Consumption and Dietary Fat Intake in Chinese Adults, 1989-1993. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 20(3), 344-53.

Abstract

Dietary and socio-economic data were collected from over 5,600 Chinese adults aged 20 to 45 in 1989, 1991, and 1993. Adults were categorized by income and other socio-economic variables, and dietary changes between 1989 and the subsequent two periods were studied. the quantities and proportions of animal foods and edible oils consumed increased dramatically, while daily consumption of grains and potatoes decreased by about 41 to 77 g. This decrease was greatest among coarse grains (corn, millet, and sorghum). the largest contributors to increased fat intake were edible oils, high-fat red meat, and lard and butter. Those eating more grain consumed less fat. Among high-income persons in 1993, 58% had a higher fat intake than recommended (> 30% of calories from fat), 31% had a high intake of saturated fat (> 10% of calories from saturated fat), and 40% had a cholesterol intake exceeding 300 mg/day. the corresponding figures were 27%, 15%, and 21% among low-income persons. This study raises important concerns about some long-term adverse consequences of economic change in China.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1177/156482659902000312

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Food and Nutrition Bulletin

Author(s)

Guo, Xuguang
Popkin, Barry M.
Zhai, Fengying

Year Published

1999

Volume Number

20

Issue Number

3

Pages

344-53

Reference ID

2371