King, Valarie (1994). Nonresident Father Involvement and Child Well-Being: Can Dads Make a Difference?. Journal of Family Issues, 15
Using data from the child supplement to the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, a series of multivariate regression models were tested to determine whether father visitation or the payment of child support are significantly associated with several measures of child welleing. The results indicate that there is limited evidence to support the hypothesis that nonresident father involvement has positive benefits for children. The strongest evidence is for the effect of child support in the domain of academics.
Journal of Family Issues