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Handa, Sudhanshu; Simler, Kenneth R.; & Harrower, Sarah (2004). Human Capital, Household Welfare, and Children's Schooling in Mozambique. Washington: International Food Policy Research Institute.


The role of education in determining the social and material well-being of Mozambican households is evaluated using the Inquérito aos Agregados Familiares sobre as Condições de Vida 1996–97, the country’s first national household survey of living conditions. The results demonstrate that education is a powerful determinant of both social and monetary well-being, and that the impact of female education in rural areas is especially strong. In terms of monetary well-being, the presence of an additional adult female who has completed the first stage of primary school (escola primária de primeiro grau, or EP1) is associated
with an increase in household per capita consumption of 18 percent in rural areas and 6 percent in urban areas. The corresponding increases in consumption associated with the presence of an additional male who completed the second stage of primary education (EP2) are 12 and 8 percent in rural and urban areas, respectively.

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Handa, Sudhanshu
Simler, Kenneth R.
Harrower, Sarah