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Human Resource Management and Organizational Performance


Kalleberg, Arne L. & Moody, James W. (1994). Human Resource Management and Organizational Performance. American Behavioral Scientist, 37(7), 948-962.


The idea of a transformed or high-performance work system has attracted considerable attention in the United States as an alternative to traditional, mass-production forms of work organization. This article examines the relationships between indicators of high-performance work organizations that are available in the National Organizations Study, on one hand, and measures of organizational performance, on the other. The authors find that characteristics of high-performing work organizations tend to cluster together into a system of organizations. Moreover, the results indicate that human resource policies and practices often identified with high-performing organizations do, in fact, enhance organizational performance.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

American Behavioral Scientist


Kalleberg, Arne L.
Moody, James W.