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Assessment of Infant Feeding Styles among Low-Income African-American Mothers: Comparing Reported and Observed Behaviors

Citation

Sacco, Lisa M.; Bentley, Margaret E.; Carby-Shields, Kenitra; Borja, Judith B.; & Goldman, Barbara Davis (2007). Assessment of Infant Feeding Styles among Low-Income African-American Mothers: Comparing Reported and Observed Behaviors. Appetite, 49(1), 131-140. PMCID: PMC2001317

Abstract

This study's goal was to provide a detailed description of feeding styles adopted by a sample of African-American women in feeding their infants in North Carolina, and to examine the correspondence between reported and observed feeding styles. Cross-sectional semi-structured interview and videotaped data were gathered in the homes of 20 participating low-income mothers of infants aged 3-20 months. Feeding styles were characterized through a tailored coding scheme (the Infant Feeding Styles Video Coding Scheme, IFSVCS) applied to both interview and video-taped data. We found that the most frequent feeding styles identified for both interviews and videotaped observations was restrictive, but that mothers were roughly equally divided among predominantly controlling (pressuring or restrictive) and less controlling (laissez-faire or indulgent) styles across methods. However, for over 2/3 of the sample, there was a lack of correspondence between interview and video-taped feeding styles. This unique characterization and comparison of observed and reported infant feeding styles provides additional insights into parental feeding approaches among mothers of infants at high risk of obesity, and highlights the need for further study of feeding style assessment and potential impact on infant weight outcomes.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2007.01.004

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2007

Journal Title

Appetite

Author(s)

Sacco, Lisa M.
Bentley, Margaret E.
Carby-Shields, Kenitra
Borja, Judith B.
Goldman, Barbara Davis

PMCID

PMC2001317