Hull, James R. (2007). Migration, Remittances, and Monetization of Farm Labor in Subsistence Sending Areas. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, 16(4)
Obtaining the labor necessary to perform household agricultural tasks in contexts with periods of intense labor demand can be a challenge. The challenge is especially pronounced in Northeast Thailand where biophysical conditions constrain the possibilities for labor reduction, while still maintaining productivity, and demographic changes in the supply of laborers place some households in a particular bind. Out-migration is hypothesized to impact the household’s decision to grow rice and method of acquiring the necessary labor. Out-migration influences these decisions through lost labor and migrant remittances. These relationships are used to help explain the rapid monetization of agricultural labor in a region of Northeastern Thailand over the period 1994 to 2000. I find that remittances are related to the monetization of agricultural labor, likely through allowing households to escape labor constraints by paying non-household laborers in cash. No such support is found for a pure labor-loss effect driving monetization.
Asian and Pacific Migration Journal
Hull, James R.