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Causal Indicator Models: Identification, Estimation, and Testing

Citation

Bollen, Kenneth A. & Davis, Walter R. (2009). Causal Indicator Models: Identification, Estimation, and Testing. Structural Equation Modeling, 16(3), 498-522.

Abstract

In 1993 we presented “Causal Indicator Models: Identification, Estimation, and Testing” in a methodology session at the American Sociological Association Convention in Miami. Less than 2 years earlier, Bollen and Lennox (1991) was published in Psychological Bulletin and the interest in indicators that determined latent variables seemed to intensify in response. The Bollen and Lennox article was directed toward calling attention to causal indicators and their implications for psychological and other social science research. However, this article provided little guidance on how to analyze causal indicators.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10705510903008253

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2009

Journal Title

Structural Equation Modeling

Author(s)

Bollen, Kenneth A.
Davis, Walter R.