CitationBollen, Kenneth A. & Davis, Walter R. (2009). Causal Indicator Models: Identification, Estimation, and Testing. Structural Equation Modeling, 16(3), 498-522.
AbstractIn 1993 we presented “Causal Indicator Models: Identification, Estimation, and Testing” in a methodology session at the American Sociological Association Convention in Miami. Less than 2 years earlier, Bollen and Lennox (1991) was published in Psychological Bulletin and the interest in indicators that determined latent variables seemed to intensify in response. The Bollen and Lennox article was directed toward calling attention to causal indicators and their implications for psychological and other social science research. However, this article provided little guidance on how to analyze causal indicators.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleStructural Equation Modeling
Author(s)Bollen, Kenneth A.
Davis, Walter R.