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Individual- and Community-Level Determinants of Social Acceptance of People Living with HIV in Kenya: Results from a National Population-Based Survey

Citation

Chiao, Chi; Mishra, Vinod; & Sambisa, William (2009). Individual- and Community-Level Determinants of Social Acceptance of People Living with HIV in Kenya: Results from a National Population-Based Survey. Health & Place, 15(3), 742-750.

Abstract

Using the 2003 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, we investigated the influence of individual- and community-level factors on accepting attitudes toward people living with HIV (PLHIV) using three outcomes: (1) willingness to care for an infected household member, (2) willingness to buy vegetables from an infected vendor, and (3) willingness to allow an infected female teacher to continue teaching. In multilevel logistic regression models, we found that individuals who expressed greater acceptance of PLHIV were more likely to be male, older, more educated, high AIDS knowledge, and exposed to mass media. At the community level, differences in accepting attitudes were associated with community AIDS knowledge, community education, and community AIDS experience, but not for region, or place of residence. The findings suggest the important role of community factors in determining social acceptance of PLHIV. Programmatic strategies aimed at increasing these accepting attitudes should consider both individual- and community-level factors.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.12.001

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2009

Journal Title

Health & Place

Author(s)

Chiao, Chi
Mishra, Vinod
Sambisa, William