CitationTuan, Nguyen T.; Adair, Linda S.; Stevens, June; & Popkin, Barry M. (2010). Prediction of Hypertension by Different Anthropometric Indices in Adults: The Change in Estimate Approach. Public Health Nutrition, 13(5), 639-646. PMCID: PMC2855402
AbstractObjective: To examine the relative contribution for the prediction of hypertension by waist circumference (WC), waist:stature ratio (WSR) or waist:hip ratio (WHR) with that by BMI, to ascertain if WC, WSR or WHR enhances the prediction of hypertension by BMI.
Design: Population-based, cross-sectional study. A change of ?10 % in the prevalence ratio of BMI (PR) or the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) when WC, WSR or WHR was added to a model with BMI was used as the criterion for significant contribution to the prediction of hypertension by BMI. For greater contributions (?10 %) these waist measures were considered as better predictors.
Setting: Nine provinces in China.
Subjects: Chinese adults aged 18 to 65 years (n 7336) who participated in the 2004 China Health and Nutrition Survey.
Results: The prevalence of hypertension (17 % and 23 % for women and men, respectively) was significantly related to increased BMI, WC, WSR and WHR (P for trend <0·001). Although there was a better model fit when WC, WSR or WHR was added to a model with BMI (P < 0·05; likelihood ratio test), the changes in PR and AUC were <10 % and <5 %, respectively. The sex-specific AUC for the prediction of hypertension by BMI (of 0·7–0·8) was similar to that by WC, WSR or WHR.
Conclusions: The waist indices do not perform better than BMI or markedly enhance the prediction of increased hypertension risk by BMI in Chinese adults.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitlePublic Health Nutrition
Author(s)Tuan, Nguyen T.
Adair, Linda S.
Popkin, Barry M.