Uhlenberg, Peter (1995). Review of Rita J. Simon, Howard Alstein, and Marygold S. Melli,. Social Forces, 73
As the title of this short book suggests, there are competing views on whether or not transracial adoption should be encouraged. Since 1971 the National Association of Black Social Workers (NABSW) has consistently opposed the placement of black children in white families, and it has lobbied Congress to forbid by statute the adoption of black children by white parents. Arguments used to support this position are two-fold: black children growing up in white families suffer identity problems; black children growing up in white families do not develop the coping skills needed to survive in a racist society. On the other side are the Child Welfare League of America and the NAACP, arguing that transracial adoption should be accepted when same racial or ethnic adoptive families cannot be found. The argument supporting this position is that it is in the best interest of black children to be placed in good white families when the only alternative is placement in foster families. Rita Simon and her colleagues approach this hotly debated issue by arguing that the right answer can be found by conducting empirical studies of the outcome of children involved in transracial adoption.