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The Promise of Affordable Implants: Is Cost Recovery Possible in Kenya?


Tumlinson, Katherine; Steiner, Markus J.; Rademacher, Kate H.; Olawo, Alice; Solomon, Marsden; & Bratt, John (2011). The Promise of Affordable Implants: Is Cost Recovery Possible in Kenya?. Contraception, 83(1), 88-93.


BACKGROUND: Contraceptive implants are one of the most effective methods of family planning but remain underutilized due to their relatively high upfront cost. The increasing availability of a low-cost implant may reduce financial barriers and increase uptake of implants. The commodity cost of Sino-implant (II) is approximately 60% less than two other widely available implants, and a direct service delivery cost of approximately US$12 makes it one of the most cost-effective methods available. This study was conducted to assess whether implant clients in Kenya are paying as much or more than the direct service delivery cost of Sino-implant (II).
STUDY DESIGN: A study was conducted in 22 facilities throughout Kenya, including public (n=8), private for-profit (n=6) and private not-for-profit facilities (n=8). Interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 293 current and returning implant clients after at least 6 months of product use.
RESULTS: The median price for implant insertion paid by clients in the public, private for-profit and private not-for-profit sectors was US$1.30, US$13.30 and US$20.00, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Patient fees in both private sectors allow for 100% recovery of the direct cost of providing Sino-implant (II). Currently in Kenya, all sectors can receive donated commodities free of charge; Sino-implant (II) has the potential to reduce reliance on donor-supplied implants and thereby improve contraceptive security.


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Journal Article

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Tumlinson, Katherine
Steiner, Markus J.
Rademacher, Kate H.
Olawo, Alice
Solomon, Marsden
Bratt, John