Menu Close

Social Network Characteristics and HIV Vulnerability among Transgender Persons in San Salvador: Identifying Opportunities for HIV Prevention Strategies

Citation

Barrington, Clare; Wejnert, Cyprian; Guardado, Maria Elena; Nieto, Ana Isabel; & Bailey, Gabriela Paz (2012). Social Network Characteristics and HIV Vulnerability among Transgender Persons in San Salvador: Identifying Opportunities for HIV Prevention Strategies. AIDS and Behavior, 16(1), 214-224. PMCID: PMC3885869

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to improve understanding of HIV vulnerability and opportunities for HIV prevention within the social networks of male-to-female transgender persons in San Salvador, El Salvador. We compare HIV prevalence and behavioral data from a sample of gay-identified men who have sex with men (MSM) (n = 279), heterosexual or bisexual identified MSM (n = 229) and transgender persons (n = 67) recruited using Respondent Driven Sampling. Transgender persons consistently reported higher rates of HIV risk behavior than the rest of the study population and were significantly more likely to be involved in sex work. While transgender persons reported the highest rates of exposure to HIV educational activities they had the lowest levels of HIV-related knowledge. Transgender respondents' social networks were homophilous and efficient at recruiting other transgender persons. Findings suggest that transgender social networks could provide an effective and culturally relevant opportunity for HIV prevention efforts in this vulnerable population.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-011-9959-1

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2012

Journal Title

AIDS and Behavior

Author(s)

Barrington, Clare
Wejnert, Cyprian
Guardado, Maria Elena
Nieto, Ana Isabel
Bailey, Gabriela Paz

PMCID

PMC3885869