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Secular Trends in the Association between Nativity/Length of US Residence with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference among Mexican-Americans, 1988–2008

Citation

Albrecht, Sandra S.; Diez-Roux, Ana V.; Aiello, Allison E.; Schulz, Amy J.; & Abraido-Lanza, Ana F. (2013). Secular Trends in the Association between Nativity/Length of US Residence with Body Mass Index and Waist Circumference among Mexican-Americans, 1988–2008. International Journal of Public Health, 58(4), 573-581. PMCID: PMC3570586

Abstract

Objectives: We investigated whether associations between nativity/length of US residence and body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) varied over the past two decades.
Methods: Mexican-Americans aged 20–64 years from the National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES) III (1988–1994), and NHANES (1999–2008). Sex-stratified multivariable linear regression models further adjusted for age, education, and NHANES period.
Results: We found no evidence of secular variation in the nativity/length of US residence gradient for men or women. Foreign-born Mexican-Americans, irrespective of residence length, had lower mean BMI and WC than their US-born counterparts. However among women, education modified secular trends in nativity differentials: notably, in less-educated women, nativity gradients widened over time due to alarming increases in BMI among the US-born and little increase in the foreign-born.
Conclusions: Associations between nativity/length of US residence and BMI/WC did not vary over this 20-year period, but we noted important modifications by education in women. Understanding these trends is important for identifying vulnerable subpopulations among Mexican-Americans and for the development of effective health promotion strategies in this fast-growing segment of the population.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-012-0414-5

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2013

Journal Title

International Journal of Public Health

Author(s)

Albrecht, Sandra S.
Diez-Roux, Ana V.
Aiello, Allison E.
Schulz, Amy J.
Abraido-Lanza, Ana F.

PMCID

PMC3570586