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Biological Determinants of Pregnancy Weight Gain in a Filipino Population

Citation

Siega-Riz, Anna Maria & Adair, Linda S. (1993). Biological Determinants of Pregnancy Weight Gain in a Filipino Population. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57(3), 365-72.

Abstract

Patterns of pregnancy weight gain and predictors of first trimester and total weight gain were investigated in a sample of 1367 women from Cebu, Philippines, with pregnancy intervals of < 2 y. The mean total weight gain based on actual measurements of prepregnant weight was 8.4 kg. Controlling for gestational week when weight was measured, multivariate-regression models predicted higher first trimester weight gain with higher parity, lower prepregnant body mass index (BMI), and longer nonpregnant intervals. Higher total weight gain was associated with longer nonpregnant intervals, lower prepregnant BMI, taller maternal stature, and relatively high dietary energy intakes. Lactation into the third trimester of pregnancy and maternal age over 35 y had significant negative effects on total weight gain. Given the importance of maternal weight gain in predicting birth outcome, this study provides information on modifiable risk factors that should be considered when developing maternal-infant health policy and programs.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/57.3.365

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

Author(s)

Siega-Riz, Anna Maria
Adair, Linda S.

Year Published

1993

Volume Number

57

Issue Number

3

Pages

365-72

Reference ID

57