Darity, William A., Jr. (1999). Who Loses from Unemployment. Journal of Economic Issues, 33(2)
It is both useful and tantalizingly disruptive to reconsider unemployment from the standpoint of Karl Marx's mid-1860s construction categories of surplus population under capitalist accumulation. Marx (1967, 641) refers first to the floating surplus or the cyclically unemployed, who also are subject to a secular reduction in their relative importance due to the nature of technical change under capitalism...
Journal of Economic Issues
Darity, William A., Jr.