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Studying Environmental Influences and Breast Cancer Risk

Citation

Millikan, Robert C.; DeVoto, Emily; Newman, Beth M.; & Savitz, David A. (1995). Studying Environmental Influences and Breast Cancer Risk. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 35(1), 79-89.

Abstract

Increased Increased attention has focused in recent years on environmental exposures which may elevate risk of human breast cancer. Following a brief introduction to the topic, we present a summary of recent evidence regarding the role of chlorinated hydrocarbons (e.g. pesticides), occupational exposures (e.g. electromagnetic fields), dietary factors, and other hydrocarbons (e.g. tobacco). Next, we present suggestions for additional measurements which may help to clarify the contribution of environmental factors, including individual and ecologic level exposure histories, polymorphisms in carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes, and interactions among environmental exposures, breast tumor characteristics, and other risk factors for breast cancer. Finally, we discuss how a population-based approach may be used to integrate these sources of information and could provide new clues regarding the role of environmental influences in breast cancer.attention has focused in recent years on environmental exposures which may elevate risk of human breast cancer. Following a brief introduction to the topic, we present a summary of recent evidence regarding the role of chlorinated hydrocarbons (e.g. pesticides), occupational exposures (e.g. electromagnetic fields), dietary factors, and other hydrocarbons (e.g. tobacco). Next, we present suggestions for additional measurements which may help to clarify the contribution of environmental factors, including individual and ecologic level exposure histories, polymorphisms in carcinogen-metabolizing enzymes, and interactions among environmental exposures, breast tumor characteristics, and other risk factors for breast cancer. Finally, we discuss how a population-based approach may be used to integrate these sources of information and could provide new clues regarding the role of environmental influences in breast cancer.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf00694748

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

Author(s)

Millikan, Robert C.
DeVoto, Emily
Newman, Beth M.
Savitz, David A.

Year Published

1995

Volume Number

35

Issue Number

1

Pages

79-89

Reference ID

671