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Period Effects, Cohort Effects, and the Narrowing Gender Wage Gap

Citation

Campbell, Colin & Pearlman, Jessica A. (2013). Period Effects, Cohort Effects, and the Narrowing Gender Wage Gap. Social Science Research, 42(6), 1693-1711. PMCID: PMC4320973

Abstract

Despite the abundance of sociological research on the gender wage gap, questions remain. In particular, the role of cohorts is under investigated. Using data from the Current Population Survey, we use age–period–cohort analysis to uniquely estimate age, period, and cohort effects on the gender wage gap. The narrowing of the gender wage gap that occurred between 1975 and 2009 is largely due to cohort effects. Since the mid-1990s, the gender wage gap has continued to close absent of period effects. While gains in female wages contributed to declines in the gender wage gap for cohorts born before 1950, for later cohorts the narrowing of the gender wage gap is primarily a result of declines in male wages.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ssresearch.2013.07.014

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2013

Journal Title

Social Science Research

Author(s)

Campbell, Colin
Pearlman, Jessica A.

PMCID

PMC4320973