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The Determinants of Low Fertility in India

Citation

Dharmalingam, Arunachalam; Rajan, Sowmya; & Morgan, S. Philip (2014). The Determinants of Low Fertility in India. Demography, 51(4), 1451-1475. PMCID: PMC4319664

Abstract

Using a conceptual framework focusing on factors that enhance or reduce fertility relative to desired family size (see Bongaarts 2001), we study fertility variation across time (1992-2006) and space (states) in India. Our empirical analyses use data from three waves of the Indian National Family Health Surveys. We find that this framework can account for a substantial portion of the variation in the total fertility rate (TFR) over time and across states. Our estimates focus attention on the critical components of contemporary Indian fertility, especially desired family size, unwanted fertility, son preference, and fertility postponement.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13524-014-0314-9

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2014

Journal Title

Demography

Author(s)

Dharmalingam, Arunachalam
Rajan, Sowmya
Morgan, S. Philip

PMCID

PMC4319664