CitationDeGraff, Deborah S.; Bilsborrow, Richard E.; & Guilkey, David K. (1997). Community-Level Determinants of Contraceptive Use in the Philippines: A Structural Analysis. Demography, 34(3), 385-398.
AbstractWe use household and community data from the Philippines to estimate a multilevel model of contraceptive use. We go beyond previous efforts in this field by developing a structural model that recognizes joint endogeneity and the temporal ordering of variables. by considering a wider range of community influences on fertility behavior, and by employing an econometric procedure allowing for a multilevel error structure. The results suggest that there are significant effects on fertility behavior of community-level family planning services, labor-conditions, and infrastructure development. These results provide insights regarding the structural determinants of contraceptive use and fertility that are useful for drawing policy implications.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Author(s)DeGraff, Deborah S.
Bilsborrow, Richard E.
Guilkey, David K.