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Migration, Multiple Sexual Partnerships, and Sexual Concurrency in the Garífuna Population of Honduras

Citation

Gandhi, Anisha D.; Pettifor, Audrey E.; Barrington, Clare; Marshall, Stephen W.; Behets, Frieda M.-T. F.; Guardado, Maria Elena; Farach, Nasim; Ardón, Elvia; & Paz-Bailey, Gabriela (2015). Migration, Multiple Sexual Partnerships, and Sexual Concurrency in the Garífuna Population of Honduras. AIDS and Behavior, 19(9), 1559-1570. PMCID: PMC4714585

Abstract

The Garífuna, an ethnic minority group in Honduras, have been disproportionately affected by HIV. Previous research suggests that migration and high rates of multiple sexual partnerships are major drivers of the epidemic. Using data from a 2012 population-based survey, we assessed whether temporary migration was associated with (1) multiple sexual partnerships and (2) sexual concurrency among Garífuna men and women in Honduras. Among both men and women, temporary migration in the last year was associated with an increased likelihood of multiple sexual partnerships and with concurrency, though only the association between migration and multiple sexual partnerships among men was statistically significant (Adjusted Prevalence Ratio 1.7, 95 % CI 1.2–2.4). Migration may contribute to HIV/STI vulnerability among Garífuna men and women via increases in these sexual risk behaviors. Research conducted among men and women at elevated risk of HIV should continue to incorporate measures of mobility, including history of internal migration.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-015-1139-2

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2015

Journal Title

AIDS and Behavior

Author(s)

Gandhi, Anisha D.
Pettifor, Audrey E.
Barrington, Clare
Marshall, Stephen W.
Behets, Frieda M.-T. F.
Guardado, Maria Elena
Farach, Nasim
Ardón, Elvia
Paz-Bailey, Gabriela

PMCID

PMC4714585