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Berger Cardoso, Jodi; Hamilton, Erin R.; Rodriguez, Nestor; Eschbach, Karl; & Hagan, Jacqueline Maria (2016). Deporting Fathers: Involuntary Transnational Families and Intent to Remigrate among Salvadoran Deportees. International Migration Review, 50(1), 197-230.


One-fourth of deportees from the U.S. are parents of U.S.-citizen children. We do not know how separation from families affects remigration among deportees, who face high penalties given unlawful reentry. We examined how family separation affects intent to remigrate among Salvadoran deportees. The majority of deportees with children in the U.S. were also separated from their spouse, and the vast majority had U.S.-citizen children. Family separation was the single most important factor affecting intent to remigrate. We interpret these findings in light of immigration policy debates.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

International Migration Review


Berger Cardoso, Jodi
Hamilton, Erin R.
Rodriguez, Nestor
Eschbach, Karl
Hagan, Jacqueline Maria