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Poverty and Prosperity among Migrant Settlers in the Amazon Rainforest Frontier of Ecuador

Citation

Murphy, Laura; Bilsborrow, Richard E.; & Pichón, Francisco J. (1997). Poverty and Prosperity among Migrant Settlers in the Amazon Rainforest Frontier of Ecuador. Journal of Development Studies, 34(2), 35-65.

Abstract

Household‐level interview data from a probability sample survey conducted in the northeastern Ecuadorian Amazon in 1990 are used to examine the determinants of income and assets among migrant farmers in the agricultural frontier. Multivariate analysis indicates that size of plot owned, proximity to markets, duration of residence, quality of soil, receipt of technical assistance, off‐farm employment and initial wealth positively influence current household income and wealth. More land in cattle pasture is also associated with higher status. Some settlers are prospering relative to others despite variable soil quality, unsustainable land uses, geographic isolation, apparent scarcity of labor, and lack of supportive infrastructure. The article closes with a discussion of implications for policies to assist small farmers, with some consideration of the potential ecological consequences of farmers’ activities.

URL

https://doi.org/10.1080/00220389708422511

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Journal of Development Studies

Author(s)

Murphy, Laura
Bilsborrow, Richard E.
Pichón, Francisco J.

Year Published

1997

Volume Number

34

Issue Number

2

Pages

35-65

Reference ID

915