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Monetary Value of Diet Is Associated with Dietary Quality and Nutrient Adequacy among Urban Adults, Differentially by Sex, Race and Poverty Status

Citation

Beydoun, May A.; Fanelli-Kuczmarski, Marie T.; Allen, Allyssa J.; Beydoun, Hind A.; Popkin, Barry M.; Evans, Michele K.; & Zonderman, Alan B. (2015). Monetary Value of Diet Is Associated with Dietary Quality and Nutrient Adequacy among Urban Adults, Differentially by Sex, Race and Poverty Status. PLOS ONE, 10(11), e0140905. PMCID: PMC4633204

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The association between monetary value of the diet (MVD, $/day) with dietary quality was examined using a large sample of urban US adults, differentially by socio-demographic factors.
METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 2,111 participants, aged 30-64y, using data from the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span Study. Dietary quality indices included Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) and Mean Adequacy Ratio (MAR), (two 24-hr recalls). A national food price database was used to estimate MVD. Multiple linear/logistic regression analyses were conducted stratifying separately by sex, race and poverty status.
RESULTS: Women had significantly higher HEI-2010 scores than men (43.35 vs 41.57 out of 100, respectively), whereas MAR scores were higher for men (76.8 vs 69.9, out of 100), reflecting energy intake gender differentials. Importantly, a $3/day higher MVD (IQR: $3.70/d (Q1) to $6.62/d (Q4)) was associated with a 4.98+/-0.35 higher total HEI-2010 and a 3.88+/-0.37 higher MAR score, after energy-adjustment and control for key confounders. For HEI-2010 and MAR, stronger associations were observed among participants above poverty and among women, while the MVD vs. HEI-2010 association was additionally stronger among Whites. Sex and poverty status differentials were observed for many MAR and some HEI-2010 components.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite positive associations between measures of dietary quality and MVD, particularly above poverty and among women, approaching compliance with the Dietary Guidelines (80 or more for HEI-2010) requires a substantially higher MVD. Thus, nutrition education may further improve people's decision-making regarding food venues and dietary choices.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140905

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2015

Journal Title

PLOS ONE

Author(s)

Beydoun, May A.
Fanelli-Kuczmarski, Marie T.
Allen, Allyssa J.
Beydoun, Hind A.
Popkin, Barry M.
Evans, Michele K.
Zonderman, Alan B.

PMCID

PMC4633204