CitationD'Angelo, Heather; Ammerman, Alice S.; Gordon-Larsen, Penny; Linnan, Laura A.; Lytle, Leslie A.; & Ribisl, Kurt M. (2016). Sociodemographic Disparities in Proximity of Schools to Tobacco Outlets and Fast-Food Restaurants. American Journal of Public Health, 106(9), 1556-1562. PMCID: PMC4981785
AbstractOBJECTIVES: To examine the association of school sociodemographic characteristics with tobacco outlet and fast-food restaurant availability near schools in a national study.
METHODS: Business lists and data from the National Center for Education Statistics were used to calculate the numbers of tobacco outlets and fast-food restaurants within 800 meters of public schools in 97 US counties.
RESULTS: More than 50% of schools with a majority of Hispanic students had both a fast-food restaurant and tobacco outlet nearby, compared with 21% of schools with a majority of White students. In adjusted models, each 10% increase in the number of low-income and Hispanic students enrolled in a school led to a 3% to 5% increase in the odds of the school having both a fast-food restaurant and a tobacco outlet nearby.
CONCLUSIONS: Low-income and Hispanic students are disproportionately exposed to both tobacco outlets and fast-food restaurants near their schools. Easy access to tobacco products and fast food may influence youth smoking initiation and contribute to poor dietary intake.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleAmerican Journal of Public Health
Ammerman, Alice S.
Linnan, Laura A.
Lytle, Leslie A.
Ribisl, Kurt M.