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Sociodemographic Disparities in Proximity of Schools to Tobacco Outlets and Fast-Food Restaurants

Citation

D'Angelo, Heather; Ammerman, Alice S.; Gordon-Larsen, Penny; Linnan, Laura A.; Lytle, Leslie A.; & Ribisl, Kurt M. (2016). Sociodemographic Disparities in Proximity of Schools to Tobacco Outlets and Fast-Food Restaurants. American Journal of Public Health, 106(9), 1556-1562. PMCID: PMC4981785

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine the association of school sociodemographic characteristics with tobacco outlet and fast-food restaurant availability near schools in a national study.
METHODS: Business lists and data from the National Center for Education Statistics were used to calculate the numbers of tobacco outlets and fast-food restaurants within 800 meters of public schools in 97 US counties.
RESULTS: More than 50% of schools with a majority of Hispanic students had both a fast-food restaurant and tobacco outlet nearby, compared with 21% of schools with a majority of White students. In adjusted models, each 10% increase in the number of low-income and Hispanic students enrolled in a school led to a 3% to 5% increase in the odds of the school having both a fast-food restaurant and a tobacco outlet nearby.
CONCLUSIONS: Low-income and Hispanic students are disproportionately exposed to both tobacco outlets and fast-food restaurants near their schools. Easy access to tobacco products and fast food may influence youth smoking initiation and contribute to poor dietary intake.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2016.303259

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2016

Journal Title

American Journal of Public Health

Author(s)

D'Angelo, Heather
Ammerman, Alice S.
Gordon-Larsen, Penny
Linnan, Laura A.
Lytle, Leslie A.
Ribisl, Kurt M.

PMCID

PMC4981785