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Indicator Microbes Correlate with Pathogenic Bacteria, Yeasts and Helminthes in Sand at a Subtropical Recreational Beach Site

Citation

Shah, Ashish H.; Abdelzaher, Amir M.; Phillips, Matthew C.; Hernandez, Rafael J.; Solo-Gabriele, Helena M.; Kish, Jonathan; Scorzetti, Gloria; Fell, Jack W.; Diaz, Mara R.; & Scott, Troy M., et al. (2011). Indicator Microbes Correlate with Pathogenic Bacteria, Yeasts and Helminthes in Sand at a Subtropical Recreational Beach Site. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 110(6), 1571-1583.

Abstract

AIMS: Research into the relationship between pathogens, faecal indicator microbes and environmental factors in beach sand has been limited, yet vital to the understanding of the microbial relationship between sand and the water column and to the improvement of criteria for better human health protection at beaches. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the presence and distribution of pathogens in various zones of beach sand (subtidal, intertidal and supratidal) and to assess their relationship with environmental parameters and indicator microbes at a non-point source subtropical marine beach.
METHODS AND RESULTS: In this exploratory study in subtropical Miami (Florida, USA), beach sand samples were collected and analysed over the course of 6 days for several pathogens, microbial source tracking markers and indicator microbes. An inverse correlation between moisture content and most indicator microbes was found. Significant associations were identified between some indicator microbes and pathogens (such as nematode larvae and yeasts in the genus

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2672.2011.05013.x

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2011

Journal Title

Journal of Applied Microbiology

Author(s)

Shah, Ashish H.
Abdelzaher, Amir M.
Phillips, Matthew C.
Hernandez, Rafael J.
Solo-Gabriele, Helena M.
Kish, Jonathan
Scorzetti, Gloria
Fell, Jack W.
Diaz, Mara R.
Scott, Troy M.
Lukasik, Jerzy
Harwood, Valerie J.
McQuaig, Shannon
Sinigalliano, Christopher D.
Gidley, Maribeth L.
Wanless, David
Ager, Arba L.
Lui, Jen Bon
Stewart, Jill R.
Plano, Lisa R. W.
Fleming, Lora E.