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Cohesive Neighborhoods Where Social Expectations Are Shared May Have Positive Impact on Adolescent Mental Health

Citation

Donnelly, Louis J.; McLanahan, Sara L.; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Garfinkel, Irwin; Wagner, Brandon; Jacobsen, Wade C.; Gold, Sarah; & Gaydosh, Lauren (2016). Cohesive Neighborhoods Where Social Expectations Are Shared May Have Positive Impact on Adolescent Mental Health. Health Affairs, 35(11), 2083-2091. PMCID: PMC5452616

Abstract

Adolescent mental health problems are associated with poor health and well-being in adulthood. We used data from a cohort of 2,264 children born in large US cities in 1998-2000 to examine whether neighborhood collective efficacy (a combination of social cohesion and control) is associated with improvements in adolescent mental health. We found that children who grew up in neighborhoods with high collective efficacy experienced fewer depressive and anxiety symptoms during adolescence than similar children from neighborhoods with low collective efficacy. The magnitude of this neighborhood effect is comparable to the protective effects of depression prevention programs aimed at general or at-risk adolescent populations. Our findings did not vary by family or neighborhood income, which indicates that neighborhood collective efficacy supports adolescent mental health across diverse populations and urban settings. We recommend a greater emphasis on neighborhood environments in individual mental health risk assessments and greater investment in community-based initiatives that strengthen neighborhood social cohesion and control.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1377/hlthaff.2016.0721

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2016

Journal Title

Health Affairs

Author(s)

Donnelly, Louis J.
McLanahan, Sara L.
Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne
Garfinkel, Irwin
Wagner, Brandon
Jacobsen, Wade C.
Gold, Sarah
Gaydosh, Lauren

PMCID

PMC5452616