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Lymphoma and Multiple Myeloma Mortality in Relation to Magnetic Field Exposure among Electric Utility Workers

Citation

Schroeder, Jane C. & Savitz, David A. (1997). Lymphoma and Multiple Myeloma Mortality in Relation to Magnetic Field Exposure among Electric Utility Workers. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 32(4), 392-402.

Abstract

Associations between occupational magnetic field exposure and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), Hodgkin's disease, and multiple myeloma mortality were evaluated in 138,905 electrical utility workers. A job-exposure matrix based on measured magnetic fields was used to derive individual exposure estimates. There was a small positive association between all NHL and low-grade NHL and duration of employment in any magnetic field-exposed job, but only up to 20 years. Cumulative magnetic field exposure was associated with a rising, then falling, risk of NHL. Rate ratios for intermediate/high-grade lymphoma were increased for the highest levels of lifetime cumulative exposure (RR = 3.7 and RR = 2.3), and were most pronounced for those exposures occurring 10-20 years previously. Hodgkin's disease and multiple myeloma mortality did not appear to be associated with exposure. Associations were stronger for NHL subgroups, suggesting that further analysis by subgroup may be warranted, but the absence of dose-response gradients diminishes the likelihood that associations represent causal relationships.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1097-0274(199710)32:4<392::aid-ajim10>3.0.co;2-z

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

American Journal of Industrial Medicine

Author(s)

Schroeder, Jane C.
Savitz, David A.

Year Published

1997

Volume Number

32

Issue Number

4

Pages

392-402

Reference ID

984