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Measurements and Methods

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One of the most important components in pushing forward the boundaries of population and aging research is the incorporation of new measures of health and well-being into surveys of individuals and households. Bringing biology into longitudinal social surveys has changed the population sciences. Many of these methods were pioneered by faculty at CPC, and our faculty continue to test and field innovative new approaches to data collection in the US and abroad.



Associated Projects

ProjectPrincipal InvestigatorDescriptionTagsCountries
Add Health Epigenome Resource: Life course stressors and epigenomic modifications in adulthoodKathleen Mullan HarrisThe overall goals of this project are to investigate the influence of life course psychosocial stressors on DNA methylation and gene expression that may influence cardiometabolic health and depression in a US representative study of young adults.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Add Health GWAS Data: User Support and Research Tools to Enable Widespread AccessKathleen Mullan HarrisThis project is developing tools to enable widespread access to and use of genome-wide association study (GWAS) data among respondents in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health).Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-CourseUnited States of America
Black-White Differences in Life Course Exposure to Death: Consequences for HealthRobert HummerThe first population-based analysis of race/ethnic differences in exposure to the death of multiple family members over the life course.Longitudinal/Life-Course, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition SurveyLinda S. AdairA longitudinal study following new mothers and their infants over 30+ years of life course development. Biomarkers, Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESPhilippines
Center for Population and AgingKathleen Mullan HarrisLinked data from the Add Health Parent study (AHPS) and Add Health study will support a broad-based research agenda on intergenerational linkages over the life course of each generation.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS)Barry M. Popkin, Penny Gordon-LarsenCHNS examines how the social and economic development of Chinese society is affecting the health of its population.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESChina
Data for Impact (D4I)Siân L. CurtisWe strengthen the technical and organizational capacity of local partners to collect, analyze, and use data to support their move to self-reliance.Data Science, Interventions and Evaluation, Race/Gender/Age/SESBangladesh, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Malawi, Zimbabwe
Drivers and Consequences of Climate-Induced Migration in AfricaClark GrayThis project will provide new insight into climate-induced migration in Sub-Saharan Africa with a focus on how this process varies over space and how destination areas are affected.Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SES
Energy Poverty PIRE in Southern Africa (EPPSA)Pamela JaggerThis project seeks to understand the impact of strategies to improve access to modern energy services in Southern Africa, a region lagging far behind the rest of the world in energy access.Interventions and Evaluation, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESMalawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Enhancing Scientific Community Access to Add Health DataRobert HummerWe are in the process of substantially upgrading and expanding the archiving, documentation, and dissemination of social, biological, and contextual multilevel data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health).United States of America
Evaluating the impact of SSB and nonessential food taxes in MexicoBarry M. PopkinThis project looks at both customer and industry response to a 10% sugar-sweetened beverage tax in Mexico.Biomarkers, Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESMexico
Evolution of Well-Being among Older AdultsElizabeth FrankenbergLooking at longer-term consequences of large-scale disasters on the health and well-being of older adults.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESIndonesia
Exome Variants Underlying Weight Gain from Adolescence to AdulthoodPenny Gordon-LarsenThe objective of the research is to investigate how genetic variants influence temporal changes in body mass index and downstream cardiometabolic risk factors at a vulnerable lifecycle period for weight gain, with differential risk across race/ethnic groups. Our findings will contribute to the understanding of risk in the transition from adolescence into adulthood, a period of rapid weight gain when precursors of adult disease are developing, in order to inform efforts to mitigate early development of disease risk.Biomarkers, Biostatistics, Data Science, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Extreme Events as Transformative Factors in Pastoral Social-Ecological SystemsPaul W. LeslieThis research focuses on the response of Maasai communities in northern Tanzania to the devastating drought of 2008-2009.Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level ApproachesUnited Republic of Tanzania
Family Planning Country Action Process Evaluation (FP CAPE)Siân L. CurtisThe Family Planning Country Action Process Evaluation (FP CAPE) is a prospective, portfolio-level process evaluation that takes a complex systems look at a portfolio of family planning investments to improve modern contraceptive use.Interventions and EvaluationDemocratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria
From Biological to Social Processes: Interdisciplinary Training in Life Course ResearchRobert Hummer, Allison AielloA scientific training program for both predoctoral and postdoctoral trainees which integrates both social and biological/health sciences research approaches for improving the understanding of health and well-being across the life course.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESNorth Carolina, United States of America
Geography of Health Inequalities: Contextual Data Merge for Wave V of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult HealthTaylor HargroveSummarizing the demographic, socioeconomic, health, and mobility characteristics of the environments in which participants from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were living at the time of their Wave V interviewsUnited States of America
Global Food Research ProgramBarry M. PopkinWe provide the academic community, policymakers, and the food industry with rigorous and innovative methods to measure the factory-to-fork dynamics and trends in the food supply in various countries across the globe.Interventions and Evaluation, Multi-level ApproachesBarbados, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Jamaica, Mexico, Peru, South Africa
Health and Poverty Effects of a Large-scale Cookstove Initiative in RwandaSudhanshu (Ashu) HandaThis project will evaluate the impact of a private sector cookstove and fuel distribution intervention on exposure to airborne pollutants, health and poverty.Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level ApproachesRwanda
Health Disparities: Inflammatory Response, Immune Function, and Environmental(In)CongruenceTaylor HargroveExamining the biological and social mechanisms underlying the relationship between socioeconomic mobility and poorer physiological health outcomes.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Impact of Eliminating Nonmedical exemptions in California.Paul DelamaterWe will evaluate the impact of eliminating nonmedical exemptions for vaccines in California to develop an evidence base for implementation of immunization legislation.United States of America
Impact of the Malawi Social Cash Transfer on Beneficiaries' Vulnerabilities Throughout the Life CycleClare BarringtonIdentfying vulnerable sub-groups receiving unconditional cash transfers in Malawi, and identifying ways in which the Social Cash Transfer Programme can enhance its positive effect on their well-being.Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESMalawi
Impacts of Environment, Host Genetics and Antigen Diversity on Malaria Vaccine EfficacyMichael E. EmchThis multi-site study in Africa is the first major attempt at understanding the impact of spatial ecology on malaria vaccine efficacy and the first integration of molecular data into an ecological vaccine trial analysis.Biomarkers, Multi-level Approaches
LAMHA - Latino Adolescent Migration, Health and Adaptation ProjectKrista M. PerreiraExamining the mental health status and needs of recent Latino immigrant youth and their primary caretakers in North Carolina.Race/Gender/Age/SESNorth Carolina, United States of America
Leveraging multi-omics approaches to examine metabolic challenges of obesity in relation to cardiovascular diseasesPenny Gordon-LarsenUsing genomics and metabolomics data to reveal mechanisms important in cardiovascular disease (CVD), with strong potential for identifying biomarkers of CVD risk.BiomarkersUnited States of America
Life Course Process of Alzheimer's Disease: Sex Difference and Biosocial MechanismsY. Claire YangExamining the process of age change in cognitive function in relation to risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) throughout the adult life span and how such process is different for men and women.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Race/Gender/Age/SES
Longer Term Effects of a Natural Disaster on Health and Socio-Economic StatusElizabeth FrankenbergThis project will collect and analyze data from Sumatra, Indonesia, on how children and prime-age adults are affected by and respond to a large-scale natural disaster, the Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004, which killed an estimated 160,000. The Study of the Tsunami Aftermath and Recovery (STAR) is a longitudinal survey of individuals, households, communities, and facilities in the provinces of Aceh and North Sumatra, Indonesia. Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESIndonesia
Mapping North Carolina's public postsecondary education pipelineRebecca TippettMapping out a complete picture of North Carolina's postsecondary educational pipeline and identifying the biggest opportunities for improvementDemography, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Race/Gender/Age/SESNorth Carolina, United States of America
MEASURE EvaluationJames ThomasMEASURE Evaluation’s mission is to contribute to better health for people living in low-income countries by assisting governments and health institutions to generate and use information to change what doesn’t work and to scale up what does.Data Science, Interventions and Evaluation, Multi-level ApproachesAngola, Armenia, Bangladesh, Barbados, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Myanmar, Burundi, Côte d'Ivoire, Cameroon, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, Eastern Caribbean, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico, Republic of Moldova, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, United Republic of Tanzania, Thailand, Uganda, Ukraine, Viet Nam, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Monitoring Social Change: Health, Reproduction, AgingBarry M. PopkinAdding a follow-up survey to collect and analyze biomarker data from participants in the China Health Nutrition Study.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESChina
Nang Rong ProjectsStephen J. Walsh, Ronald R. Rindfuss, Barbara EntwisleA team collected information from more than 50,000 individuals as well as from adminsitrative records, meteorological data, satellite images, and many other sources over a span of 20 years in the Nang Rong district in northeast Thailand.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESThailand
National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult HealthKathleen Mullan HarrisThe Add Health Wave V Program Project will add new data to the existing longitudinal multilevel social, behavioral, biological, and genetic data to create an unparalleled scientific resource for investigating the developmental origins of health and disease.Biomarkers, Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Network on Life Course Dynamics and Disparities in 21st Century AmericaRobert HummerA research network investigating how and why the United States is increasingly falling behind virtually all comparably developed/wealthy nationsUnited States of America
NURHI Sustainability Study.Ilene S. SpeizerThis project examines the sustainability of Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation implemented family planning (FP) programs in urban Nigeria.Nigeria
ONEdata - Obesity & Neighborhood Environment DatabasePenny Gordon-LarsenThe Obesity and Neighborhood Environment database is a unique collection of variables derived using spatial analysis techniques within a large scale Geographic Information System (GIS) that links community-level data to individual Add Health respondent residential locations in both space and time.Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches
PMI Measure MalariaJames ThomasPMI Measure Malaria is a USAID-funded project to build on historical investments and accelerate progress made in malaria surveillance, monitoring and evaluation.Interventions and Evaluation
Policy Options to Improve Educational Impact of the Malawi SCTPClare BarringtonInvestigating why school-aged children in Malawi continue to drop out of school at high rates, despite households in Malawi receiving an unconditional school bonus for school-aged children.Malawi
Positive, Negative, and Unintended Consequences of Nutrition-related Policies on Food Purchases: Pushing Nutrition Policy ForwardShu Wen NgStudying the consequences of nutrition-related policies on food purchases.Interventions and EvaluationUnited States of America
Program and Policy Options for Preventing Obesity in the Low, Middle, and Transitional Income Countries: background research and program evaluationBarry M. PopkinWe are looking at taxation, advertising restrictions, and front-of-package labels, and their effects on food purchases and dietary intake in four countries -- South Africa, Turkey, Brazil, and Colombia.Interventions and EvaluationBrazil, Colombia, South Africa, Turkey
SES and race-ethnic disparities in food purchasing and dietary intake:2000-2015Barry M. PopkinOur primary goals are to examine how various socio-economic factors (including the Great Recession, price changes) affect short-term and long-term food purchases and dietary outcomes across and within critical race/ethnic and SES subpopulations.Race/Gender/Age/SES
Sexual Orientation/Gender Identity, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Across the Life Course.Carolyn Tucker HalpernExploring how sexual orientation/gender identity and socioeconomic status intersect and contribute to health and disease across the life course.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Social Context, the Life Course, and Genetic Transcription in Add HealthKathleen Mullan HarrisThe collection and dissemination of genome-wide mRNA expression profiles among Add Health respondents.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
Stepping Stones and Ladders: The Sources of the Mobility of Low Wage Workers in the United States, 1996-2012Ted MouwAnalyzing the conditions under which low-wage workers achieve upward mobility.United States of America
Study of the Tsunami Aftermath and RecoveryElizabeth FrankenbergThe Study of the Tsunami Aftermath and Recovery (STAR) provides data and analyses regarding the long-term impact of exposure to an extreme event, the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, on population health and well-being.Biomarkers, Data Science, Demography, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Race/Gender/Age/SESIndonesia
Supporting Evidence-based Policy Making in sub-Saharan Africa through the Transfer ProjectGustavo AngelesA multi-country cash transfer research initiative to find out if and how cash transfers impact other aspects of people's lives.Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SES
Tailoring Teaching to Fit the Class: Teaching Practice and Classroom Composition Under Random AssignmentJane Cooley FruehwirthThe main purpose of this project is to explore teaching practice through the lens of classroom composition (based on student initial achievement, race, socioeconomic status, and gender).Race/Gender/Age/SESUnited States of America
TB Data, Impact Assessment and Communications Hub (TB DIAH)James ThomasTB DIAH works to improve and harness existing data on tuberculosis (TB) and expand knowledge sharing regarding TB worldwide.
Testing Multiple Modes of Data Collection with Network Sampling with MemoryTed MouwExtending work on an innovative approach, Network Sampling with Memory (NSM), to efficiently and cost-effectively sample from a rare population of immigrants in the U.S.United States of America
Transfer ProjectSudhanshu (Ashu) HandaThe Transfer Project is a multi-country cash transfer research initiative.Biomarkers, Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SES
Transition to a Western diet and cardiometabolic risk: Biomarkers derived from the microbiomePenny Gordon-LarsenThis project investigates how long-term and short-term changes in diet, gut microbiota, gut microbiota-related plasma metabolites and microbiota-influenced markers of cardiometabolic disease interrelate in order to inform efforts to mitigate early development of disease risk across the globe.Biomarkers, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SESChina
Understanding and Addressing the Multilevel Influences on Uptake and Adherence to HIV Prevention Strategies among Adolescent Girls and Young Women in SubSaharan AfricaIlene S. SpeizerWe propose a 5-year clustered randomized trial with a factorial design to evaluate the efficacy of a multi-level intervention that addresses stigma in accessing health care; social support and individual-risk behaviors.Biomarkers, Interventions and Evaluation, Longitudinal/Life-Course, Multi-level Approaches, Race/Gender/Age/SES


Associated People


Allison Aiello

Allison Aiello

Epidemiology

Gustavo Angeles

Gustavo Angeles

Maternal and Child Health

Christy L. Avery

Christy L. Avery

Epidemiology

Clare Barrington

Clare Barrington

Health Behavior

Kenneth A. Bollen

Kenneth A. Bollen

Psychology & Neuroscience and Dept of Sociology

Elizabeth Frankenberg

Elizabeth Frankenberg

Sociology and Public Policy

Clark Gray

Clark Gray

Geography

Robert Hummer

Robert Hummer

Sociology

Ted Mouw

Ted Mouw

Sociology

Shu Wen Ng

Shu Wen Ng

Nutrition

Andrew F. Olshan

Andrew F. Olshan

Epidemiology

Krista M. Perreira

Krista M. Perreira

Social Medicine

Whitney Robinson

Whitney Robinson

Epidemiology

Kavita Singh

Kavita Singh

Maternal and Child Health

Ilene S. Speizer

Ilene S. Speizer

Maternal and Child Health

Sean Sylvia

Sean Sylvia

Health Policy Management

James Thomas

James Thomas

Epidemiology

Amanda L. Thompson

Amanda L. Thompson

Anthropology

Kat Tumlinson

Kat Tumlinson

Maternal and Child Health

Sharon S. Weir

Sharon S. Weir

Epidemiology