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Little Cigars Are More Toxic than Cigarettes and Uniquely Change the Airway Gene and Protein Expression

Citation

Ghosh, Arunava; Abdelwahab, Sabri H.; Reeber, Steven L.; Reidel, Boris; Marklew, Abigail J.; Garrison, Andrew J.; Lee, Shernita L.; Dang, Hong; Herring, Amy H.; & Glish, Gary L., et al. (2017). Little Cigars Are More Toxic than Cigarettes and Uniquely Change the Airway Gene and Protein Expression. Scientific Reports, 7, 46239. PMCID: PMC5406835

Abstract

Little cigars (LCs) are regulated differently than cigarettes, allowing them to be potentially targeted at youth/young adults. We exposed human bronchial epithelial cultures (HBECs) to air or whole tobacco smoke from cigarettes vs. LCs. Chronic smoke exposure increased the number of dead cells, lactate dehydrogenase release, and interleukin-8 (IL-8) secretion and decreased apical cilia, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein levels, and transepithelial resistance. These adverse effects were significantly greater in LC-exposed HBECs than cigarette exposed cultures. LC-exposure also elicited unique gene expression changes and altered the proteomic profiles of airway apical secretions compared to cigarette-exposed HBECs. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis indicated that LCs produced more chemicals than cigarettes, suggesting that the increased chemical load of LCs may be the cause of the greater toxicity. This is the first study of the biological effects of LCs on pulmonary epithelia and our observations strongly suggest that LCs pose a more severe danger to human health than cigarettes.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep46239

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2017

Journal Title

Scientific Reports

Author(s)

Ghosh, Arunava
Abdelwahab, Sabri H.
Reeber, Steven L.
Reidel, Boris
Marklew, Abigail J.
Garrison, Andrew J.
Lee, Shernita L.
Dang, Hong
Herring, Amy H.
Glish, Gary L.
Kesimer, Mehmet
Tarran, Robert

PMCID

PMC5406835