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Palermo, Tia M.; Handa, Sudhanshu; Peterman, Amber; Prencipe, Leah; & Seidenfeld, David (2016). Unconditional Government Social Cash Transfer in Africa Does Not Increase Fertility. Journal of Population Economics, 29(4), 1083-1111. PMCID: PMC6687336


Among policymakers, a common perception surrounding the effects of cash transfer programmes, particularly unconditional programmes targeted to families with children, is that they induce increased fertility. We evaluate the Zambian Child Grant Programme, a government unconditional cash transfer targeted to families with a child under the age of 5 and examine impacts on fertility and household composition. The evaluation was a cluster randomized control trial, with data collected over 4 years from 2010 to 2014. Our results indicate that there are no programme impacts on overall fertility. Our results contribute to a small evidence base demonstrating that there are no unintended incentives related to fertility due to cash transfers.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Journal of Population Economics


Palermo, Tia M.
Handa, Sudhanshu
Peterman, Amber
Prencipe, Leah
Seidenfeld, David