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Patterns of Intergenerational Transfers in Southeast Asia


Frankenberg, Elizabeth; Lillard, Lee; & Willis, Robert J. (2002). Patterns of Intergenerational Transfers in Southeast Asia. Journal of Marriage and Family, 64(3), 627-641.


This article explores motivations for intergenerational exchanges of time and money using data from Indonesia. The extent of exchange and underlying motivations differ across families but substantial evidence supports the theory that transfers within families serve as insurance for family members. The results also suggest that between some parents and children money is exchanged for time. Additionally, some evidence is consistent with the idea that parents pay for their children's education partly as a loan that is later repaid. The authors compare their results to those that they obtained previously for Malaysia using similar data and methods. The findings regarding motivations for transfers are remarkably similar across the two countries.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Journal of Marriage and Family


Frankenberg, Elizabeth
Lillard, Lee
Willis, Robert J.