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Nutrition Status of Children in Latin America

Citation

Corvalán, Camila; Garmendia, Maria L.; Jones-Smith, Jessica C.; Lutter, Chessa K.; Miranda, J. Jaime; Pedraza, Lilia S.; Popkin, Barry M.; Ramirez-Zea, Manuel; Salvo, Deborah; & Stein, Aryeh D. (2017). Nutrition Status of Children in Latin America. Obesity Reviews, 18(Suppl. 2), 7-18. PMCID: PMC5601284

Abstract

The prevalence of overweight and obesity is rapidly increasing among Latin American children, posing challenges for current healthcare systems and increasing the risk for a wide range of diseases. To understand the factors contributing to childhood obesity in Latin America, this paper reviews the current nutrition status and physical activity situation, the disparities between and within countries and the potential challenges for ensuring adequate nutrition and physical activity. Across the region, children face a dual burden of undernutrition and excess weight. While efforts to address undernutrition have made marked improvements, childhood obesity is on the rise as a result of diets that favour energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods and the adoption of a sedentary lifestyle. Over the last decade, changes in socioeconomic conditions, urbanization, retail foods and public transportation have all contributed to childhood obesity in the region. Additional research and research capacity are needed to address this growing epidemic, particularly with respect to designing, implementing and evaluating the impact of evidence-based obesity prevention interventions.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/obr.12571

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2017

Journal Title

Obesity Reviews

Author(s)

Corvalán, Camila
Garmendia, Maria L.
Jones-Smith, Jessica C.
Lutter, Chessa K.
Miranda, J. Jaime
Pedraza, Lilia S.
Popkin, Barry M.
Ramirez-Zea, Manuel
Salvo, Deborah
Stein, Aryeh D.

PMCID

PMC5601284