Gillett, Rhonda M. (1998). Permanent Tooth Emergence among Zambian Schoolchildren: A standard for the Assignment of Ages. American Journal of Human Biology, 10(1)
There is sufficient variation in the timing of permanent tooth emergence to warrant population specific standards. Due to the lack of reliable ages in rural Zambia, a tooth emergence standard is derived from an urban sample of 543 Zambian schoolchildren. The standard allows assignment of an age to a child based on the total number of permanent teeth emerged. As a way to evaluate the ability of the standard to assign correct ages to Zambian children, a randomly chosen test (10%) sample was withheld from the formation of the standard. Accuracy of the standard in assigning ages to children in both the test and main samples was assessed in ±0.5, ±1.0, and ±2.0 year intervals. Both the main and test samples were able to accurately assign correct ages within ±0.5 year
American Journal of Human Biology
Gillett, Rhonda M.