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Social Capital, Collective Action, and Communal Grazing Lands in Uganda

Citation

Call, Maia A. & Jagger, Pamela (2017). Social Capital, Collective Action, and Communal Grazing Lands in Uganda. International Journal of the Commons, 11(2), 854-876. PMCID: PMC5784446

Abstract

Recent scholars have found that collective action can be harnessed to sustainably manage common property, contrary to longstanding hypotheses that without effective external regulation community members will exploit communal resources. Researchers have also found that social capital, in addition to biophysical conditions and community attributes, is an important element of successful collective action. However, few studies exploring this topic have specifically examined communal grazing land, which is a critical component of rural livelihoods in many parts of the developing world. To address this gap, we explore the role that collective action plays in maintaining communal grazing lands through bridging, bonding, and linking social capital. In cases where the community does have communal grazing lands, we also explore the role of social capital in determining the condition of the land and the inclusiveness of access. Our analyses draw upon a community-level dataset composed of Uganda RePEAT survey data linked with high resolution gridded socio-environmental data. We observe that strong community bonds are associated with higher odds of successful collective action. However, increased links to external market forces may decrease the odds of successful collective action. These findings provide additional evidence for the complex relationship between social capital, collective action, and common property natural resource management.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.18352/ijc.761

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2017

Journal Title

International Journal of the Commons

Author(s)

Call, Maia A.
Jagger, Pamela

PMCID

PMC5784446