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Johnson, James H., Jr.; Farrell, Walter C., Jr.; & Guinn, Chandra (1997). Immigration Reform and the Browning of America: Tensions, Conflicts and Community Instability. International Migration Review, 31(4), 1055-1095.


Tensions, conflicts, and community instability associated with heightened immigration - especially of nonwhite immigrant groups - threaten to balkanize America. This article highlights the root causes of the growing opposition to both immigrants and U.S. immigration policy - the nativist backlash, presents a typology of the community-level conflicts that have arisen as a consequence of heightened immigration - legal and illegal - to the United States over the last 30 years, and outlines the conditions under which diversity can be brought to the forefront as one of society's strengths.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

International Migration Review


Johnson, James H., Jr.
Farrell, Walter C., Jr.
Guinn, Chandra