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Chzhen, Yekaterina; de Neubourg, Chris; Plavgo, Ilze; & de Milliano, Marlous (2016). Child Poverty in the European Union: the Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis Approach (EU-MODA). Child Indicators Research, 9(2), 335-356.


Poverty has serious consequences for children’s well-being as well as for their achievements in adult life. The Multiple Overlapping Deprivation Analysis for the European Union (EU-MODA) compares the living conditions of children across the EU member states. Rooted in the established multidimensional poverty measurement tradition, EU-MODA contributes to it by using the international framework of child rights to inform the construction of indicators and dimensions essential to children’s material well-being, taking into account the needs of children at various stages of their life cycle. The study adds to the literature on monetary child poverty and material deprivation in the EU by analysing several age-specific and rights-based dimensions of child deprivation individually and simultaneously, constructing multidimensional deprivation indices, and studying the overlaps between monetary poverty and multidimensional deprivation. The paper demonstrates the application of the EU-MODA methodology to three diverse countries: Finland, Romania and the United Kingdom. The analysis uses data from the ad hoc material deprivation module of the EU-SILC 2009 because it provides comparable micro-data for EU member states and contains child-specific deprivation indicators.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Child Indicators Research


Chzhen, Yekaterina
de Neubourg, Chris
Plavgo, Ilze
de Milliano, Marlous