Menu Close

Psychosocial Factors Associated with Food Insufficiency among People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) Initiating ART in Ethiopia

Citation

DiLorenzo, Madeline A.; Parcesepe, Angela M.; Tymejczyk, Olga; Hoffman, Susie; Elul, Batya; Weiser, Sheri D.; Remien, Robert H.; Kulkarni, Sarah Gorrell; Gadisa, Tsigereda; & Melaku, Zenebe, et al. (2019). Psychosocial Factors Associated with Food Insufficiency among People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) Initiating ART in Ethiopia. AIDS and Behavior, 23(11), 3052-3057.

Abstract

Food insufficiency is associated with suboptimal HIV treatment outcomes. Less is known about psychosocial correlates of food insufficiency among PLWH. This sample includes 1176 adults initiating antiretroviral therapy at HIV clinics in Ethiopia. Logistic regression modeled the association of psychological distress, social support, and HIV-related stigma with food insufficiency. Among respondents, 21.4% reported frequent food insufficiency. Psychological distress [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.61 (95% CI 1.79, 3.82)], low social support [aOR 2.20 (95% CI 1.57, 3.09)] and enacted stigma [aOR 1.69 (95% CI 1.26, 2.25)] were independently associated with food insufficiency. Food insufficiency interventions should address its accompanying psychosocial context.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10461-019-02505-9

Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published

2019

Journal Title

AIDS and Behavior

Author(s)

DiLorenzo, Madeline A.
Parcesepe, Angela M.
Tymejczyk, Olga
Hoffman, Susie
Elul, Batya
Weiser, Sheri D.
Remien, Robert H.
Kulkarni, Sarah Gorrell
Gadisa, Tsigereda
Melaku, Zenebe
Nash, Denis