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Hulka, Jaroslav F.; Peterson, Herbert B.; Phillips, Jordan M.; & Surrey, Mark W. (1993). Operative Hysteroscopy. American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists 1991 Membership Survey. Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 38(8), 572-573.


The 1991 American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists membership survey on operative hysteroscopy had a total of 630 respondents (almost double the 1988 number) who reported performing 17,298 procedures as compared to 7,293 in 1988. Directed biopsy and endometrial ablation were the procedures reported most commonly. Endometrial ablation increased fivefold since 1988, and myomectomy increased fourfold. The majority of operative hysteroscopies were performed for a complaint of abnormal bleeding (73%). The most frequently reported complication was uterine perforation not requiring transfusion (11 per 1,000 procedures). The rate of water intoxication or pulmonary edema dropped from 3.4/1,000 in 1988 to 1.4/1,000 in 1991. However, some serious complications (eight laparotomies for bowel injury, three CO2 embolisms and three deaths) were reported for 1991.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Journal of Reproductive Medicine


Hulka, Jaroslav F.
Peterson, Herbert B.
Phillips, Jordan M.
Surrey, Mark W.