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Awusabo-Asare, Kofi; Boerma, J. Ties; & Zaba, Basia W. (1997). Evidence of Sociodemographic Impact of AIDS in Africa. Health Transition Review, 7(Suppl. 2), 1-188.


By the end of 1996 the estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the world was 22.6 million. Of that number, 14 million, accounting for nearly two-thirds of the total, were in sub-Saharan Africa. Nearly two decades into the outbreak, the epidemic has spread throughout the subregion with complex spatio-temporal variability within and between countries. While the epidemic has apparently peaked in parts of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire), it is still rising in parts of Kenya and Southern Africa and is yet to become a major problem in most countries in West Africa. Secondly, the epidemic has become more diffused and has spread from among the initial ‘high-risk groups’ to the general population. Thirdly, evidence points to a possible increase in intensity in the years ahead since the co-factors (e.g. STDs, lack of male circumcision) and the forces (e. g. mobility and instability) which impel the spread of the epidemic still persist (Caldwell and Caldwell 1993; National Research Council 1996).


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Health Transition Review


Awusabo-Asare, Kofi
Boerma, J. Ties
Zaba, Basia W.