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How Local Community Context Shapes Labour Market Re-Entry and Resource Mobilisation among Return Migrants: An Examination of Rural and Urban Communities in Mexico

Citation

Wassink, Joshua T. & Hagan, Jacqueline Maria (Online ahead of print). How Local Community Context Shapes Labour Market Re-Entry and Resource Mobilisation among Return Migrants: An Examination of Rural and Urban Communities in Mexico. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies.

Abstract

Recent estimates suggest that nearly half of all international migrants return to their communities of origin within five years of emigration. Motivated by high levels of return migration, scholars are increasingly investigating the ways in which return migrants mobilise resources they acquire abroad, such as human and financial capital, to achieve economic mobility upon return. Yet, resource mobilisation and labour market reintegration unfold in heterogeneous community contexts. To understand the labour market reintegration of return migrants in various local contexts, we draw on an eight-year study that included interviews with 153 Mexican returnees to examine how labour market reintegration and resource mobilisation vary across three types of communities: urban, urban-adjacent, and rural. U.S.-Mexico migration is the largest binational return flow in the world, providing a unique opportunity to explore variations in the reintegration experiences of returnees. We find that labour market reintegration and resource mobilisation are contextually embedded processes that respond to the social, economic, and spatial features of migrants' origin communities. Following our analysis, we extend three testable hypotheses that can guide future research on international migration and return.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1369183x.2020.1758552

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies

Author(s)

Wassink, Joshua T.
Hagan, Jacqueline Maria

Year Published

Online ahead of print

NIHMSID

NIHMS1593133

Reference ID

12748