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McEachin, Andrew; Lauen, Douglas L.; Fuller, Sarah Crittenden; & Perera, Rachel M. (2020). Social Returns to Private Choice? Effects of Charter Schools on Behavioral Outcomes, Arrests, and Civic Participation. Economics of Education Review, 76, 101983.


The vast majority of literature on school choice, and charter schools in particular, focus on attending an elementary or middle school grades and often focus on test scores or other proximal outcomes. Much less is known about the long-term effects of attending a charter school in 9th grade. It is important to fill this information void for a few reasons. First, schools in general affect more than just students' test scores. Second, secondary schools (including grades 9-12) make up a larger share of the charter sector. Third, school choice depends on freely available information for parents and students to make informed decisions about where to attend, including potential long-term benefits. We add to the empirical research on charter school effects by using a doubly-robust inverse probability weighted approach to evaluate the impacts of secondary charter school attendance on 9th grade behavioral outcomes and individuals propensity to commit crime and participate in elections as young adults in North Carolina, a state with a large and growing charter school sector.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Economics of Education Review


McEachin, Andrew
Lauen, Douglas L.
Fuller, Sarah Crittenden
Perera, Rachel M.

Article Type


Data Set/Study

North Carolina Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI)
North Carolina Department of Public Safety (NCDPS)
North Carolina Board of Elections (NCBOE)


United States of America


North Carolina