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HIV Prevention among Transgender Populations: Knowledge Gaps and Evidence for Action


Poteat, Tonia; Malik, Mannat; Scheim, Ayden; & Elliott, Ayana (2017). HIV Prevention among Transgender Populations: Knowledge Gaps and Evidence for Action. Current HIV/AIDS Reports, 14(4), 141-152. PMCID: PMC5896563


PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the available evidence-based HIV prevention interventions tailored for transgender people.
RECENT FINDINGS: A limited number of evidence-based HIV prevention interventions have been tested with transgender populations. Most existing interventions target behavior change among transgender women, with only one HIV prevention program evaluated for transgender men. Studies addressing biomedical interventions for transgender women are ongoing. Few interventions address social and structural barriers to HIV prevention, such as stigma, discrimination, and poverty. Evidence-based multi-level interventions that address the structural, biomedical, and behavioral risks for HIV among transgender populations, including transgender men, are needed to address disparities in HIV prevalence. Future research should address not only pre-exposure prophylaxis uptake and condom use but also structural barriers that limit access to these prevention strategies.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

Current HIV/AIDS Reports

Series Title

Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2017 Oct;14(5):200. doi: 10.1007/s11904-017-0365-9.


Poteat, Tonia
Malik, Mannat
Scheim, Ayden
Elliott, Ayana