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Reproductive Health Sequelae among Women Who Survived Ebola Virus Disease in Liberia


Godwin, Christine L.; Wohl, David A.; Fischer 2nd, William A.; Singh, Kavita; Hawks, Darrell A.; Devore, Elizabeth E.; & Brown, Jerry (2019). Reproductive Health Sequelae among Women Who Survived Ebola Virus Disease in Liberia. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 146(2), 212-217. PMCID: PMC6675397


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of failed pregnancy and menstrual irregularities among Liberian women who had survived Ebola virus disease (EVD) and to identify host-specific and disease-specific factors associated with these outcomes.
METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted between August 10, 2016, and February 7, 2017. The study population comprised 111 women aged 18-45 years who had survived EVD and were enrolled in the Longitudinal Liberian Ebola Survivor study based at the Eternal Love Winning Africa Hospital, Monrovia, Liberia. Self-reported data on outcomes related to pregnancy and menstrual changes since recovery from EVD were collected.
RESULTS: In all, 29 (26.1%) of the participants had become pregnant since surviving EVD. Of the 23 women whose pregnancies continued to term, 10 (43.4%) reported live birth, 11 (47.8%) reported spontaneous abortion, and two (8.7%) reported stillbirth. Of the 105 women who reported having regular menstruation before EVD, 27 (29.0%) reported experiencing irregular menstruation for unknown reasons after EVD. In bivariate logistic models, no associations were found between failed pregnancy or irregular menstruation and any of the factors of interest.
CONCLUSIONS: Adverse pregnancy outcomes and irregular menstruation were frequently reported among EVD survivors in Liberia.


Reference Type

Journal Article

Year Published


Journal Title

International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics


Godwin, Christine L.
Wohl, David A.
Fischer 2nd, William A.
Singh, Kavita
Hawks, Darrell A.
Devore, Elizabeth E.
Brown, Jerry




Singh - 0000-0001-8670-2262