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Cytomegalovirus Seroprevalence, Recurrence, and Antibody Levels: Associations with Cadmium and Lead Exposures in the General United States Population

Citation

Bulka, Catherine M.; Bommarito, Paige A.; Aiello, Allison E.; & Fry, Rebecca C. (2020). Cytomegalovirus Seroprevalence, Recurrence, and Antibody Levels: Associations with Cadmium and Lead Exposures in the General United States Population. Environmental Epidemiology, 4(4), e100. PMCID: PMC7423529

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The ubiquitous metals cadmium and lead are immunotoxic, but little is known about their relations to cytomegalovirus (CMV), a widespread herpesvirus. Although CMV infections are mostly asymptomatic, congenital infections are a leading cause of birth defects. In otherwise healthy individuals, there is also some evidence linking subclinical reactivations to accelerated age-related declines in immune function and chronic disease.

URL

http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/EE9.0000000000000100

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Environmental Epidemiology

Author(s)

Bulka, Catherine M.
Bommarito, Paige A.
Aiello, Allison E.
Fry, Rebecca C.

Year Published

2020

Volume Number

4

Issue Number

4

Pages

e100

PMCID

PMC7423529

Reference ID

13076