CitationBulka, Catherine M.; Bommarito, Paige A.; Aiello, Allison E.; & Fry, Rebecca C. (2020). Cytomegalovirus Seroprevalence, Recurrence, and Antibody Levels: Associations with Cadmium and Lead Exposures in the General United States Population. Environmental Epidemiology, 4(4), e100. PMCID: PMC7423529
AbstractBACKGROUND: The ubiquitous metals cadmium and lead are immunotoxic, but little is known about their relations to cytomegalovirus (CMV), a widespread herpesvirus. Although CMV infections are mostly asymptomatic, congenital infections are a leading cause of birth defects. In otherwise healthy individuals, there is also some evidence linking subclinical reactivations to accelerated age-related declines in immune function and chronic disease.
Reference TypeJournal Article
Journal TitleEnvironmental Epidemiology
Author(s)Bulka, Catherine M.
Bommarito, Paige A.
Aiello, Allison E.
Fry, Rebecca C.