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Control of Vitamin A Deficiency in the Philippines: Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Fortification Program

Citation

Solon, Florentino S.; Fernandez, Thomas L.; Latham, Michael C.; & Popkin, Barry M. (1979). Control of Vitamin A Deficiency in the Philippines: Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation of a Fortification Program. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 74(2), 112-8.

Abstract

In a three-year pilot project in the Philippines, the magnitude of vitamin A deficiency and its clinical manifestation (xerophthalmia) was determined, and three alternate programs for eliminating and preventing it in various ecologic zones were designed and implemented concurrently in separate areas in each ecologic zone. Results were evaluated, and costs and benefits of each program were determined. The results of the fortification program are reported. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) was selected as the ideal carrier was fortified at a level which provided 15,000 I.U. retinol palmitate to the average family each day. Significant increases in serum A, especially for children with more deficient vitamin A status, resulted. The program's economic benefits significantly outweighed the costs, and the MSG fortification program has been expanded to several additional pilot provinces in the Philippines.

Reference Type

Journal Article

Journal Title

Journal of the American Dietetic Association

Author(s)

Solon, Florentino S.
Fernandez, Thomas L.
Latham, Michael C.
Popkin, Barry M.

Year Published

1979

Volume Number

74

Issue Number

2

Pages

112-8

Reference ID

13137